E_02/2017 - Cientista do Nosso Estado – (2017-2021) - A Perspectiva dos Funcionamentos: refinando o arcabouço teórico e ampliando as aplicações

 

This project’s overall goal consists in developing a justice perspective that is more inclusive and more compatible with a moral universalist ideal. For this purpose, current conceptions of justice shall be analyzed and their shortcomings shall be presented. Subsequently, the functionings perspective, whose focus is the full flourishing of the various functional systems, in all their singularity and complexity, shall be introduced.

This project´s specific goal lies in providing a tool that better guarantees equality of concern or equal moral respect between all members of the moral society in various spheres. To that end, I intend to analyze the applications of the functionings perspective in the domains of health, education, animal and environmental ethics, on the debate concerning the utilization of technology for human enhancement, and finally, on questions related to gender, identity and reparation politics. 

As we elect this aspect, that is, the aspect of a system’s functional integrity as the criterion for the attribution of moral value, we will be putting aside all other aspects that differentiate us from other entities or other existing forms of life. In this respect, restricting the scope of morality to a small group that functionally resembles us will not be an option. If we can identify a functional system, be it human, animal, or not, we shall have the moral commitment not to restrain its good performance, or a further commitment to promote its flourishing. 

In this regard, (i) justifying the consideration or inclusion of a given being in the scope of our moral considerations ceases to be our main difficulty, which becomes (ii) knowing what would be required for the integral flourishing of each functional system, taken in its singularity. This configures, thus, a challenge to our empirical investigations and a technical difficulty to be overcome by human knowledge about the world in which we abide.

 

E_26/2014 - CIENTISTA DO NOSSO ESTADO – (2014-2017) - A perspectiva dos funcionamentos: por um enfoque mais inclusivo de justiça

 

This project´s overall goal consists in developing a justice perspective that is more inclusive and more compatible with a moral universalist ideal. For this purpose, current conceptions of justice shall be analyzed and their shortcomings shall be presented. Subsequently, I shall introduce the functionings perspective, whose focus is the full flourishing of the various functional systems, taken in all their singularity and complexity. This project´s specific goal lies in providing a tool that better guarantees equality of concern or equal moral respect between all members of the moral society, in various spheres. To that end, I intend to analyze the applications of the functionings perspective in the domains of health, education, animal and environmental ethics, on the debate concerning the utilization of technology for human enhancement, and finally, on questions related to gender, identity and reparation politics. As we elect this aspect, that is, the aspect of a system´s funcitonal integrity as the criterion for the attribution of moral value, we will be putting aside all other aspects that differentiate us from other entities or other existing forms of life. In this respect, restricting the scope of morality to a small group that functionally resembles us will not be an option. If we can identify a functional system, be it human, animal, or not, we shall have the moral commitment not to restrain its good performance, or even, of promoting its flourishing. In this regard, (i) justifying the consideration or inclusion of a given being in the scope of our moral considerations ceases to be our main difficulty, which becomes (ii) knowing what would be required for the integral flourishing of each functional system, taken in its singularity. This configures, thus, a challenge to our empirical investigations and a technical difficulty to be overcome by human knowledge about the world in which we abide.