Functionings Approach: for a more inclusive point of view​ 


The functionings approach aims to include individuals that are generally sidelined or kept outside the moral agenda. The book takes on a new normative framework that seeks to guide our attitudes toward other individuals and to set out specific guidelines to the public sphere. It aspires to answer to pressing moral questions of our times and to ground the intuition according to which it is precisely when the socially endorsed standards of rationality and autonomy waver that our care and moral acuity are mostly needed.


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Functionings Approach
Sobre nós

About us: expanding the frontiers of morality?

 (portuguese only)

This book is meant for everyone who - as the author - aspires to a more comprehensive and by no means transcendent form of moral life. Throughout this endeavor, the author attempts to tread the path of the philosophical tradition and, in dialogue with both this tradition and our everyday moral intuitions, to elaborate a distinctive moral conception of who we are, in addition to a moral outlook that encompasses all humans, in all their diversity; along with nonhuman animals; the environment and some inanimate objects, such as the works of art.

What is philosophy?

(portuguese only)

Being a philosopher or doing philosophy usually means, in our daily lives, seeing or perceiving the world beyond or beneath our ordinary experience. The philosopher is often dubbed the "metaphysician," that is, the one whose knowledge lies outside sense experience, the here and now of our spatio-temporal coordinates. But the philosopher is also the one who claims to free our understanding and our ordinary language from the reveries of speculative reason, which relentlessly drives us beyond the limits of the intelligible world. Who is the philosopher, anyway?

O que é filosofia?
Ensaios sobre a moralidade

Essays on Morality

(portuguese only)

This book brings together a series of articles written by the author in the last 20 years on some of the main debates in contemporary ethics. Starting with the topic of the foundations of morality, the author discusses the theories of Kant, Habermas, Tugendhat, among others, to ultimately establish a dialogue with those who have chosen to lead a moral form of life as an integral part of what they experience as a happy or fulfilling existence.

Social Justice and Human Rights

(portuguese only)

This book presents the reader with a collection of articles that direct one's philosophical gaze towards the quest for justice in today's real societies. Maintaining that the ideals of justice and human rights are inherent to the defense of a moral theory that aspires to increased inclusiveness, the author advances a fresh reading on human rights and related issues, such as democracy, nationalism, personal identity and cosmopolitanism. 

Justiça Social e Direitos Humanos
Justiça Social e Direitos Humanos

KANT E WITTGENSTEIN: on the limits of language

(portuguese only)

Based on an analysis of Kant's transcendental deduction and Wittgenstein's private language argument, the book attempts to highlight the philosophical resonances of Kant and Wittgenstein and to provide an answer to a certain strand of philosophical skepticism / solipsism that still reverberates in our language and in our ways of thinking.

Basic Social Rights: a philosophical inquiry on human rights

(portuguese only)

The book presents a defense of basic social rights qua human rights. The author analyzes different attempts to justify human rights throughout the history of philosophy and supports the thesis that human rights correspond to moral demands aimed at ensuring respect for all the members of our moral community. Among such guarantees stands the right to an existential minimum.

Justiça Social e Direitos Humanos
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